Score: 5, 0 (Wide range of services) · Green environment · Reduce congestion in the CBD · Longer opening hours · Spacious units that allow larger stores to be built · Interior (climate). They are shopping malls outside the city Good or bad. Out-of-town malls are huge buildings containing hundreds of stores and department stores. These malls were invented in the United States in the 1950s and became very popular.
However, there was only one reason that made shopping malls outside the city possible: massive car ownership. This is because the whole plan was based on people getting in their cars and traveling a long way to get there, and people did it because shopping malls outside the city had a lot of advantages. Shopping malls only started when cars began to be mass-produced because a lot of people had to have a car for mall businesses to be profitable. Arguably, this reduced the impact, since during the development many concepts used by shopping malls outside the city were implemented, such as maximizing natural light in a shopping center that was previously dark in order to compete.
Luxury malls in terms of location are usually located in the center of the city, so the location was ideal, since it was close to customers who were willing to spend and did not need to attract customers. Blue water, for example, will attract about 30 million buyers a year, generating an enormous annual profit of about 800 million. Leaving the city center may be more attractive to customers, given the lower traffic mentioned above, often the lower parking rates and several other attractions they offer, such as the laser mission of downtown Trafford, the cinema, miniature gold, dodgems, bowling, Legoland and games rooms. Despite the seemingly prominent negative impacts of shopping malls outside the city, this doesn't mean that they aren't beneficial at all.
Dudley was the most affected area, as the development coincided with the application of parking fees by the Dudley City Council and, like Altrincham, it lost a large proportion of its customer base and stores had to close. Since the 1980s, much of retail development in the United Kingdom has consisted of housing developments outside cities, as lower land values, the availability of land for expansion, the nearby workforce, and good access routes in the rural-urban fringe of settlements have encouraged the development of centers outside cities. These jobs not only include the hundreds of stores, but also those for security, restaurants, entertainment, cleaners, managers, administrative staff, reception, etc. The increase in road use is another of the most common complaints that arise about shopping centers outside the city, since the centers can attract a lot of people in a single day (the Trafford Centre receives 27 million visitors every year).
Out-of-town developments can often provoke remodeling contests with urban centers, and both struggle to receive the best habit. This has led to the closure of many of the stores, which has had the positive feedback effect of causing other stores to lose business and a decrease in the number of shop windows. Nearby areas, such as the Manchester Financial District, Altrincham and Stockport, have been affected by these changes in shopping habits.